A bunion, also known as Hallux Valgus, is a treatable condition that forms when the bone or tissue at the joint at the bottom of the big toe moves out of place. Years of abnormal motion and pressure on the joint forces the big toe to bend toward the others, which causes an often-painful lump on the joint. Sometimes tight, high-heeled or too-narrow shoes cause bunions. Other causes may include inherited foot type, foot injuries or deformities present at birth (congenital) Bunions may also be associated with certain types of arthritis, particularly inflammatory types, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Lump or unusual shaping appears on the big toe. Bunions can be extremely painful. They're also vulnerable to excess pressure and friction from shoes and can lead to the development of calluses.
Treatments include using bunion pads, arch supports, or custom-made supports (orthotics).
Non-prescription pain medications such acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or aspirin may help reduce pain. Talk to your doctor about what may be best for you.
Extremely painful bunions can be removed surgically.
Surgery is done to help restore normal alignment to the toe joint and relieve pain.
There are different types of bunion surgery. The best type of surgery for you depends on how severe your bunion is and how experienced your surgeon is. The surgeons at Hudson Podiatry Associates perform many different types of bunion surgery on a regular basis. Each bunion is different, and surgery are tailored to each case.
Ask us how we can help you.